Public Policies

The Guy Harvey Foundation advocates for sensible marine fisheries policy based on proven science and implemented for the benefit of our natural resources while allowing for sustainable use.

Making an impact

The Guy Harvey Foundation has led and supported a number of conservation policies, including:

  • The establishment of the Bahamas Shark Sanctuary (2011)
  • The Cayman Islands National Conservation Law (2013)
  • S. Mako Shark Legislation (2018)
  • Billfish Conservation Act (2018)

Research Publications

157. Logan, R.K., J.J. Vaudo, C.G. Lowe, B.M. Wetherbee and M.S. Shivji. 2022. High-resolution post-release behavior and recovery periods of two highly prized recreational sportfish: the blue marlin and sailfish. ICES Journal of Marine Science, fsac137,

156. Andrzejaczek, S., et al. 2022. Diving into the vertical dimension of elasmobranch movement ecology. Science Advances Vol 8, Issue 33

155. Womersley, F., et al. 2022. Global collision-risk hotspots of marine traffic and the world’s largest fish, the whale shark. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 119 No. 20: e2117440119 

154. Bernard, A.M., K.A. Finnegan, T.T. Sutton, R. Eytan, M. Weber and M.S. Shivji. 2022. Population genomic dynamics of mesopelagic lanternfishes Diaphus dumeriliiLepidophanes guentheri, and Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Family: Myctophidae) in the Gulf of Mexico. Deep-Sea Research Part I 185: 

153. Womersley, F.C. et al. 2022. Global collision-risk hotspots of marine traffic and the world’s largest fish, the whale shark. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. Vol. 119, No. 20 

152. Haulsee, D.E., H.E. Blondin, R.K. Logan and L.B. Crowder. 2021. Where do the billfish go? Using recreational catch data to relate local and basin scale environmental conditions to billfish occurrence in the Eastern Tropical Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography

151. Vaudo, J., R. Logan, B. Wetherbee, J.C. Harvey, G.C. McN. Harvey and M. Shivji. 2021. Diel vertical movements of a coastal predator, the roosterfish, Nematistius pectoralisMarine & Freshwater Research.

150. Bernard, A.M., K.A. Finnegan, P. Pavinski Bitar, M.J. Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2021. Genomic assessment of global population structure in a highly migratory and habitat versatile apex predator, the tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier). Journal of Heredity (with cover) 112 (6):497–507,

149. Claus, E., A. Henningsen, M.S. Shivji and B. Wetherbee. 2021. Sexual conflicts in sand tiger sharks, Carcharias taurus (Rafinesque, 1810), in an artificial environment. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 9(3):161-169.

148. Sort, M., A. Manuzzi, B. Jiménez Mena, J.R. Ovenden JR, B.J. Holmes, A.M. Bernard, M.S. Shivji, D. Meldrup, M.B. Bennett and E.E. Nielsen. 2021. Come together: Calibration of tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) microsatellite databases for investigating global population structure and assignment of historical specimens. Conservation Genetics Resources 13: 209–220. 

147. Schmidt-Roach, A.C.J., C.C. Bruels, A. Barnett, A.D. Miller, C.D.H. Sherman, D.A. Ebert, S. Schmidt-Roach, C. da Silva, C.G. Wilke, C. Thorburn, J.C.Mangel, J.M. Ezcurra, A. Irigoyen, A.J. Jaureguizar, M. Braccini, J. Alfaro-Shigueto, C. Duffy, and M.S. Shivji. 2021. Evidence of historical isolation and genetic structuring among broadnose sevengill sharks (Notorynchus cepedianus) from the world’s major oceanic regions. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 

146. Anderson, J.M., E.S. Burns, E. N. Meese, T.J. Farrugia, B.S. Stirling, C.F. White, R.K. Logan, J. O’Sullivan, C. Winkler and C.G. Lowe, 2021. Interannual nearshore habitat use of young of the year white sharks off Southern California. Frontiers in Marine Science

145. Nosal, A.P., D.P. Cartamil, A.J. Ammann, L.F. Bellquist, N.J. Ben-Aderet, K.M. Blincow, E.S. Burns, E.D. Chapman, R.M. Freedman, A. P. Klimley, R.K. Logan, C.G. Low, B.X. Semmens, C.F. White, P.A. Hastings. 2021. Triennial migration and philopatry in the critically endangered soupfin shark Galeorhinus galeusJournal of Applied Ecology

144. Cassandra Storo, R., C.G. Easson, M. Shivji and J.V. Lopez. 2021. Microbiome analyses demonstrate specific communities within five shark species. Frontiers in Microbiology February 2021 

143. Rafael Tavares, R., B.M Wetherbee and J.P. Rodriguez. 2020. Age and growth of juvenile lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) at an insular nursery in the southern Caribbean. Marine and Freshwater Research 72: 163-172

142. Hoopes L.A., T.M. Clauss, N.E. Browning, A.J. Delaune, B.M. Wetherbee, M. Shivji, J.C. Harvey and G.C.M. Harvey, 2020. Seasonal patterns in stable isotope and fatty acid profiles of southern stingrays (Hypanus americana) at Stingray City Sandbar, Grand Cayman. Scientific Reports 10:19753

141. Brewster, L.R., B. Cahill, M. Burton, C. Dougan, J. Herr, L. Issac, S. McGuire, M. Pico, E. Urban-Gedamke, K. Bassos-Hull, J.P. Tyminski, R.E. Hueter, B.M. Wetherbee, M. Shivji, C. Aming, N. Burnie and M.J. Ajemian. 2020. First insights into the vertical habitat use of the whitespotted eagle ray Aetobatus narinari revealed by pop-up satellite archival tags. Journal of Fish Biology

140. Logan, R.K., J.J. Vaudo, L.L. Sousa, M. Sampson, B.M. Wetherbee, and M.S. Shivji. 2020. Seasonal movement and habitat use of juvenile smooth hammerhead sharks in the western North Atlantic Ocean and significance for conservation. Frontiers Marine Science

139. Victor, B.C. 2020. (MONOGRAPH) Review of the glass blennies (Teleostei: Chaenopsidae: Emblemariopsis) with two new species from the Caribbean Sea. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 37: 1-122.

138. Pinhal, D., R. Domingues, C. Bruels, B. Ferrette, O. Gadig, M. Shivji and C. Martins. 2020. Restricted connectivity and population genetic fragility in a globally endangered hammerhead shark. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 30: 501-517.

137. Lieber, L., G. Hall, J. Hall, S. Berrow, E. Johnston, C. Gubili, J. Sarginson, M. Francis, C. Duffy, S. Wintner, P. Doherty, B. Godley, L. Hawkes, M. Witt, S.M. Henderson, E. de Sabata, M. Shivji, D. Dawson, D. Sims, C. Jones and L. Noble. 2020. Spatio-temporal genetic tagging of a cosmopolitan planktivorous shark provides insight to gene flow, temporal variation and site-specific re-encounters. Scientific Reports

136. Victor, B.C., A. Teitelbaum and J.E. Randall. 2020. Pseudanthias timanoa, a new fairy basslet from New Caledonia, South Pacific (Teleostei: Serranidae: Anthiadinae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 36: 6-15.

135. Victor, B.C., and L. Ianniello. 2020. Prionotus murielae Mowbray, 1928 is the juvenile of the Bandtail Searobin Prionotus ophryas (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes: Triglidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 35: 76-85.

134. Bernard, A.M., M.W. Johnston, R. Pérez-Portela, M.F. Oleksiak, F.C. Coleman and M.S. Shivji. 2019. Genetic and biophysical modeling evidence of generational connectivity in the intensively exploited, western North Atlantic red grouper (Epinephelus morio). ICES Journal of Marine Science 77: 359-370

133. Gorman, J., N. Marra, M.S. Shivji and M.J. Stanhope. 2019. The complete mitochondrial genome of an Atlantic Ocean shortfin mako shark, Isurus oxyrinchusMitochondrial DNA B. Volume 4, Issue 2.

132. Victor, B.C. 2019. Enneanectes flavus, a new endemic species of triplefin blenny from the southeastern Caribbean (Teleostei: Tripterygiidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation. 32: 1-16.

131. Queiroz, N., N.E. Humphries, A. Couto, ……… (with 146 alphabetically listed co-authors on this paper).…….and Sims, D.W. 2019. Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries. Nature.

130. Byrne, M,. J. Vaudo, G. Harvey, M. Johnston, B. Wetherbee and M. Shivji. 2019. Behavioral response of a mobile marine predator to environmental variables differs across ecoregions. Ecography

129. Barkley, A.N., M. Gollock, M. Samoilys, F. Llewellyn, M. Shivji, B. Wetherbee and N.E. Hussey. 2019. Complex transboundary movements of marine megafauna in the Western Indian Ocean. Animal Conservation

128. Marra, N.J., M.J. Stanhope, N. Jue, M.Wang, Q. Sun, P.P. Bitar, V.P. Richards, A. Komissarov, M. Rayko, S. Kliver, B.J. Stanhope, C. Winkler, S.J. O’Brien, A. Antunes, S. Jorgensen and M.S. Shivji. 2019. White shark genome: ancient elasmobranch adaptations associated with wound healing and the maintenance of genome stability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA.

127. Francis, M.P., M.S. Shivji, C.A.J. Duffy, P.J. Rogers, M.E. Byrne, B.M. Wetherbee, S.C. Tindale, W.S. Lyon and M.M. Meyers. 2019. Oceanic nomad or coastal resident? Behavioural switching in the shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus). Marine Biology, 166

126.Crow, G.L., B.M. Wetherbee, R.L. Humphreys Jr and R. Young. 2018. Vertical distribution, diet, and reproduction of the velvet dogfish (Zameus squamulosus) in waters off Hawaii. Fisheries Bulletin 116:207–214

125. Bernard, A.M., V.P. Richards, M.J. Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2018. Transcriptome derived microsatellites demonstrate strong genetic differentiation in Pacific white sharks. Journal of Heredity 109(7): 771–779

124. Domingues, R.R., C.C. Bruel, O.B.F. Gadig, D.D. Chapman, A.W.S. Hilsdorf and M.S. Shivji. 2018. Genetic connectivity and phylogeography of the night shark (Carcharhinus signatus) in the western Atlantic Ocean: implications for conservation management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems

123. Victor, B.C. 2018. Starksia splendens, a new endemic labrisomid blenny from the Cayman Islands (Teleostei: Labrisomidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation, 31: 54-73.

122. Victor, B.C., and K.W. Marks. 2018. Hypoplectrus liberte, a new and endangered microendemic hamlet from Haiti (Teleostei: Serranidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation, 31, 8-17.

121. Perry, C., J. Figueiredo, J.J. Vaudo, J. Hancock, R. Rees and M. Shivji. 2018. Comparing length measurement methods and estimating growth parameters of free – swimming whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) near the South Ari Atoll, Maldives. Marine & Freshwater Research  

120. Daly, R., M.J. Smale, S. Singh, D. Anders, M. Shivji, C.A. Keating Daly, J.S.E. Lea, L.L. Sousa, B.M. Wetherbee, R. Fitzpatrick, C.R. Clarke, M. Sheaves and A. Barnett. 2018. Refuges and risks: Evaluating the benefits of an expanded MPA network for mobile apex predators. Diversity and Distributions  

119. Sequeira, A.M. et al. (and 57 co-authors, including M. Shivji). 2018. Convergence of marine megafauna movement patterns in coastal and open ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 115 (12): 3072–3077  

118. Salinas-de-León, P., B. Philips, D. Ebert, M. Shivji, F. Cerutti-Pereyra, C. Ruck, C. Fisher and L. Marsh. 2018. Deep-sea hydrothermal vents as natural egg-case incubators at the Galapagos Rift. Scientific Reports 8: 1788

117. Lea, J., B. Wetherbee, L. Sousa, C. Aming, N. Burnie, N. Humphries, N. Queiroz, G. Harvey, D. Sims and M.S. Shivji. 2018. Ontogenetic partial migration is associated with environmental drivers and influences fisheries interactions in a marine predator. ICES Journal of Marine Science DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fsx238.

116. Guy, D.S, C.L. Ruck, J.V. Lopez and M.S. Shivji. 2017. Complete mitogenome sequences of smooth hammerhead sharks, Sphyrna zygaena, from the eastern and western Atlantic. Mitochondrial DNA B

115. Domingues, R.R., A.W.S. Hilsdorf, M.S. Shivji, F.V.H. Hazin and O.B.F. Gadig. 2017. Effects of the Pleistocene on the mitochondrial population genetic structure and demographic history of the silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) in the western Atlantic Ocean. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries.

114. Vaudo, J., B.M. Wetherbee, G. Harvey, J. Harvey, A. Prebble, M. Corcoran M. Potenski, K. Bruni, R. Leaf, J. Collie, A. Henningsen and M. Shivji. 2017. Characterization and monitoring of one of the world’s most valuable ecotourism animals, the southern stingray at Stingray City, Grand Cayman: lessons for management of marine wildlife. Marine and Freshwater Research.

113. Vaudo, J.J., M.E. Byrne, B.M. Wetherbee, G.M. Harvey, A. Mendillo Jr., and M.S. Shivji. 2017. Horizontal and vertical movements of white marlin, Kajikia albida, tagged off the Yucatan Peninsula. ICES Journal of Marine Science

112. Steinke, D., A.M. Bernard, R.L Horn, P. Hilton, R. Hanner and M.S. Shivji. 2017. DNA analysis of traded shark fins and mobulid gill plates reveals a high proportion of species of conservation concern. Scientific Reports 7: 9505. DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-10123-5

111. Byrne. M.E., E. Cortés, J.J. Vaudo, G.C.M. Harvey, M. Sampson, B.M. Wetherbee and M. Shivji. 2017. Satellite telemetry reveals higher fishing mortality rates than previously estimated, suggesting overfishing of an apex marine predator. Proceedings Royal Society B. 284: 20170658.

110. Bernard, A.M., R.L. Horn, D.D. Chapman, K.A. Feldheim, R.C. Garla, E.J. Brooks, M.A. Gore and M.S. Shivji. 2017. Genetic connectivity of a coral reef ecosystem predator: the population genetic structure and evolutionary history of the Caribbean reef shark (Carcharhinus perezi). J. Biogeography 44: 2488 -2500

109. Howey, L.A., B.M. Wetherbee, E.R. Tolentino and M.S. Shivji. 2017. Biogeophysical and physiological processes drive movement patterns in a marine predator. Movement Ecology. 5:16

108. Rodriguez-Ferrer, G., B.M. Wetherbee, M. Schärer, C. Lilyestrom, J.P. Zegarra and M. Shivji. 2017. First Record of the Megamouth Shark, Megachasma pelagios, (Family Megachasmidae) in the Tropical Western North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biodiversity Records. 10:20 DOI 10.1186/s41200-017-0117-y

107. Kilfoil, J., D. Fox, B. Wetherbee, J. Carlson. 2017. Targeted catch-and-release of prohibited sharks: Sand Tigers in coastal Delaware waters. Fisheries 42:281-287.

106. Ruck, C.L., N. Marra, M. Shivji and M. Stanhope. 2017. The complete mitochondrial genome of the endangered great hammerhead shark, Sphyrna mokarran. Mitochondrial DNA Part B.

105. Fitzpatrick, C.K., K.A. Finnegan, F. Osaer, K. Narváez and M.S. Shivji. 2017. The complete mitochondrial genome of the critically endangered angelshark, Squatina squatina. Mitochondrial DNA Part B.

104. Ebert, D.A., Y.P. Papastamatiou, S.M. Kajiura and B.M. Wetherbee. Etmopterus lailae sp. nov., a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. 2017. Zootaxa 4237 (2):371–382.

103. Johnston, M.W and A.M. Bernard. 2017. A bank divided: quantifying a spatial and temporal connectivity break between the Campeche Bank and the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Marine Biology 164:12 DOI: 10.1007/s00227-016-3038-0

102. Marra, N.J., V.P. Richards, A. Early, S.M. Bogdanowicz, P.P. Bitar, M.J. Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2017. Comparative transcriptomics of elasmobranchs and teleosts highlight important processes in adaptive immunity and regional endothermy. BMC Genomics DOI: 10.1186/s12864-016-3411-x

101. Vaudo, J.J., M.E. Byrne, B.M. Wetherbee, G.M. Harvey and M.S. Shivji. Long-term satellite tracking reveals region-specific movements of a large pelagic predator, the shortfin mako shark, in the western North Atlantic Ocean. 2017. Journal of Applied Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12852

100. Johnston, M.W., A.M. Bernard and M.S. Shivji. 2016. Forecasting lionfish sources and sinks in the Atlantic: Are Gulf of Mexico reef fisheries at risk? Coral Reefs   DOI:10.1007/s00338-016-1511-3

99. Bernard, A.M., K.A. Feldheim, M.R. Heithaus, S.P. Wintner, B.M. Wetherbee and M.S. Shivji. 2016. Population genetic dynamics of a highly migratory, apex predator shark. Molecular Ecology 25: 5312–5329.

98. Marra, N.J., M. Wang, Q. Sun, P.D. Pavinski Bitar, M.J Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2016. Mitochondrial genome of an Atlantic white shark (Carcharodon carcharias). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 1: 717-719, DOI:10.1080/23802359.2016.1222248

97. Victor, B.C. and J.M.B. Edward. 2016. Pseudojuloides labyrinthus, a new labrid fish (Teleostei: Labridae) from the western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 21: 58–70

96. DeBiasse, M.B., V.P. Richards, M.S. Shivji and M.E. Hellberg. 2016. Shared phylogeographic breaks in a Caribbean coral reef sponge and its invertebrate commensals. Journal of BiogeographyDOI: 10.1111/jbi.12785

95. Richards, V.P., A.M. Bernard, K.A. Feldheim and M.S. Shivji. 2016. Patterns of population structure and dispersal in the long-lived “redwood” of the coral reef, the giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta). Coral Reefs,  DOI:10.1007/s00338-016-1435-y

94. Pickard, A.E., J.J. Vaudo, B. Wetherbee, R.S. Nemeth, J.B. Blondeau, E.A. Kadison and M.S. Shivji. 2016. Comparative use of a Caribbean mesophotic coral reef and association with fish spawning aggregations by three species of shark. PLOS ONE 11(5): e0151221. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0151221

93. Victor, B.C. 2016. Halichoeres gurrobyi, a new labrid fish (Teleostei: Labridae) from Mauritius in the southwestern Indian Ocean, with a review of the H. zeylonicus species complex. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 22: 10-27

92. Victor, B.C., and J.M.B. Edward. 2016. Pseudojuloides labyrinthus, a new labrid fish (Teleostei: Labridae) from the western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 21: 58-70

91. Vaudo, J.J., B.M. Wetherbee, A.D. Wood, K. Weng, L.A. Howey-Jordan, G.M. Harvey, M.S. Shivji. 2016. Vertical movements of shortfin mako sharks (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the western North Atlantic Ocean are strongly influenced by temperature. Marine Ecology Progress Series 547: 163–175.

90. Johnston, M.W. and J.L. Akins. 2016. The Non-native Royal Damsel (Neopomacentrus cyanomos) in the Southern Gulf of Mexico; An Invasion Risk? Marine Biology 163(1): 1-14.

89. Bernard, A.M., K.A. Feldheim, R. Nemeth, E. Kadison, J. Blondeau, B.X. Semmens and M.S. Shivji. 2016. The ups and downs of coral reef fishes: the genetic characteristics of a formerly severely overfished, but currently recovering Nassau grouper fish spawning aggregation. Coral Reefs. DOI 10.1007/s00338-015-1370-3

88. Johnston, M.W., and S.J. Purkis. 2016. Forecasting the success of invasive marine species; lessons learned from purposeful reef fish releases in the Hawaiian Islands. Fisheries Research  174: 190–200.

87. Johnston, M.W., S.J. Purkis and R.E. Dodge. 2015. Measuring Bahamian lionfish impacts to marine ecological services using habitat equivalency analysis. Marine Biology 162(12): 2501-2512, DOI 10.1007/s00227-015-2745-2

86. Victor, B.C., M. Valdez-Moreno and L. Vásquez-Yeomans. 2015. Status of DNA Barcoding Coverage for the Tropical Western Atlantic Shorefishes and Reef Fishes. DNA Barcodes 3: 85–93.

85. Randall, J.E., and B.C. Victor. Descriptions of thirty-four new species of the fish genus Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae), with a key to the species of the western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 18: 1-77.

84. Johnston, M.W., and S.J. Purkis. 2105. A coordinated and sustained international strategy is required to turn the tide on the Atlantic lionfish invasion. Marine Ecology Progress Series 533: 219–235.

83. Domingues, R.R., O. Gabriel, A.M. Bernard, A.F. Amorim, J. De Biasi and A.W.S. Hilsdorf. 2015. A DNA tool for the identification of heavily exploited Atlantic billfishes. Conservation Genetics Resources, DOI 10.1007/s12686-015-0489-4

82. Lea, J.S.E., B.M. Wetherbee, N. Queiroz, N. Burnie, C. Aming, L.L. Sousa, G.R. Mucientes, N.E. Humphries, G.M. Harvey, D.W. Sims and M.S. Shivji. 2015. Repeated, long-distance migrations by a philopatric predator targeting highly contrasting ecosystems. Scientific Reports, 5, doi:10.1038/srep11202.

81. O’Leary, S.J. K A. Feldheim, A.T. Fields, L.J. Natanson, S.P. Wintner, N.E Hussey, M.S. Shivji and D.D. Chapman. 2015. Genetic diversity of white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias, in the Northwest Atlantic and Southern Africa. J. Heredity, 106(3): 258-265.

80. Clarke, C.R., S.A. Karl, R.L. Horn, A.M. Bernard, J.S. Lea, F.H. Hazin, P.A. Prodöhl and M.S. Shivji. 2015. Global mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and population structure of the silky shark, Carcharhinus falciformisMarine Biology 162: 945-955.

79. Richards, V.P., M.B. DeBiasse and M.S. Shivji. 2015. Genetic evidence supports larval retention in the Western Caribbean for an invertebrate with high dispersal capability  (Ophiothrix suensonii: Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea). Coral Reefs 34: 313–325.

78. Bernard, A.M., K.A. Feldheim and M.S. Shivji. 2015. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers from a globally distributed marine apex predator, the tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier). Conservation Genetics Resources, DOI 10.1007/s12686-014-0408-0

77. Randall, J.E., A.D. Connell and B.C. Victor. 2015. Review of the labrid fishes of the Indo-Pacific Genus Pseudocoris, with a description of two new species. Journal Ocean Science Foundation 16: 1-55.

76. Victor, B.C., and J.M.B. Edward. 2015. Pseudojuloides zeus, a new deep-reef wrasse (Perciformes: Labridae) from Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. Journal Ocean Science Foundation 15: 41-52.

75. Connell, A.D., B.C. Victor and J.E. Randall. 2015. A new species of Pseudojuloides (Perciformes: Labridae)    from the south-western Indian Ocean. Journal Ocean Science Foundation 14: 49-56.

74. Teter, S.M., B.M. Wetherbee, D.A. Fox, C. H. Lam, D.A. Kiefer and M. Shivji. 2014. Migratory patterns and habitat use of the sand tiger shark (Carcharias taurus) in the Western North Atlantic. Marine & Freshwater Research, 66: 158–169.

73. Vaudo, J.J., B.M. Wetherbee, G. Harvey, R.S. Nemeth, C. Aming, N. Burnie, L.A. Howey Jordan and M.S. Shivji. 2014. Intraspecific variation in vertical habitat use by tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) in the western North Atlantic. Ecology and Evolution 4(10):1768–1786.

72. Victor, B.C. 2014. Three new endemic cryptic species revealed by DNA barcoding of the gobies of the Cayman Islands (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Journal Ocean Science Foundation 12: 25-60.

71. Richards, V.P., H. Suzuki, M.J Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2013. Characterization of the heart transcriptome of the white shark (Carcharodon carcharias). BMC Genomics 14: 697.

70. Bernard, A.M., A.W.S. Hilsdorf, A.F. Amorim, R.R. Domingues and M.S. Shivji. 2013. Development and characterization of thirteen microsatellite markers for the longbill spearfish (Tetrapturus pfluegeri). Conservation Genetics Resources.  DOI 10.1007/s12686-013-0038-y

69. Hester, J., K. Atwater,  A. Bernard, M. Francis and M. Shivji. 2013. The complete mitochondrial genome of the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus (Chondrichthyes, Cetorhinidae). Mitochondrial DNA (In Press).

68. Chapman, D.D., S.P. Wintner, D.L. Abercrombie, J. Ashe, A.M. Bernard, M.S. Shivji and K.A. Feldheim. 2013. The behavioural and genetic mating system of the sand tiger shark, Carcharias taurus, an intrauterine cannibal. Biology Letters 9: 20130003.

67. Corcoran, M., B. Wetherbee, M. Shivji, M. Potenski, D. Chapman and G. Harvey. 2013. Supplemental feeding for ecotourism reverses diel activity and alters movement patterns and spatial distribution of the southern stingray, Dasyatis americanaPLOS ONE 10.1371/journal.pone.0059235.

66. Bernard, A.M., M.S. Shivji, R.R. Dominques, F.H.V. Hazin, A.F. Amorim, A. Domingo, F. Arocha, E.D. Prince, J.P. Hoolihan and A.W. Hilsdorf. 2013. Broad geographic distribution of roundscale spearfish (Tetrapturus georgii) (Teleostei, Istiophoridae) in the Atlantic revealed by DNA analysis: implications for white marlin and roundscale spearfish management. Fisheries Research 139: 93-97.

65. Victor, B.C., and G.M. Wellington. 2013. Citharichthys darwini n. sp., a new endemic flatfish from the Galápagos Archipelago (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Paralichthyidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 6: 19-32.

64. Victor, B.C., M.E. Alfaro and L. Sorenson. 2013. Rediscovery of Sagittalarva inornata n. gen., n. comb. (Gilbert, 1890) (Perciformes: Labridae), a long-lost deepwater fish from the eastern Pacific Ocean: a case study of a forensic approach to taxonomy using DNA barcoding. Zootaxa 3669 (4): 551–570.

63. Victor, B.C. 2013. The Caribbean Roughhead Triplefin (Enneanectes boehlkei): DNA barcoding reveals a complex of four West Indian sympatric cryptic species (Teleostei: Blennioidei: Tripterygiidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 7: 44-73.

62. Victor, B.C. 2013. Scorpaena wellingtoni n. sp., a new scorpionfish from the Galápagos Islands (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 8: 30-43.

61. Randall, J.E., and B.C. Victor. 2013. Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839), a valid species of labrid fish from the southwest Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 8: 44-61.

60. Bernard, A.M., K. A. Feldheim and M.S. Shivji. 2012.. Development and characterization of eleven novel microsatellite loci for the roundscale spearfish Tetrapturus georgii and their cross-species amplification among other billfish species. Journal of Fish Biology 81: 1781–1786.

59. Serafy, J.E., S.J. Cooke, G.A. Diaz, J. Graves, M. Hall, M. Shivji and Y. Swimmer. 2012. Evaluating circle hooks in commercial, recreational and artisanal fisheries: research status and needs for improved conservation and management. Bulletin of Marine Science 88(3): 371–391.

58. Bernard, A.M., K.A. Feldheim, V.P. Richards, R.S. Nemeth and M.S. Shivji. 2012. Development and characterization of fifteen novel microsatellite loci for the Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) and their utility for cross-amplification on a suite of closely related species. Conservation Genetics Resources. DOI 10.1007/s12686-012-9688-4.

57. Gubili, C., C. Duffy, G. Cliff, S. Wintner, M. Shivji, D. Chapman, B. Bruce, A.P. Martin, D.W. Sims, C.S. Jones and L.R. Noble. 2012. Application of Molecular Genetics for Conservation of the Great White Shark, Carcharodon carcharias, L. 1758. In: Global Perspectives on the Biology and Life History of the White Shark (Ed: M. Domeier). CRC Press.

56. Pinhal, D., M.S. Shivji, P.G. Nachtigall, D.D. Chapman and C. Martins. 2012. A streamlined DNA tool for global identification of heavily exploited coastal shark species (Genus Rhizoprionodon). PLoS ONE 7(4): e34797. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034797.

55. Pinhal, D., M.S. Shivji, M. Vallinoto, D.D. Chapman, O.B.F. Gadig and C. Martins. 2012. Cryptic hammerhead shark lineage occurrence in the Western South Atlantic revealed by DNA analysis. Marine Biology 159:829–836.

54. Victor, B.C. 2012. Hypoplectrus floridae n. sp. and Hypoplectrus ecosur n. sp., two new Barred Hamlets from the Gulf of Mexico (Pisces: Serranidae): more than 3% different in COI mtDNA sequence from the Caribbean Hypoplectrus species flock. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 5: 1-19. 

53. Richards, V.P., M.J. Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2011. Island endemism, morphological stasis, and possible cryptic speciation for two commensal Leucothoid amphipod species throughout Florida and the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation. DOI 10.1007/s10531-011-0186-x

52. Hanner, R. R. Floyd, A. Bernard, B. Collette, M. Shivji. 2011. DNA Barcoding of Billfishes. Mitochondrial DNA 22(S1): 27–36.

51. Doukakis, P., R. Hanner, M. Shivji, C. Bartholomew, D. Chapman, E.H-K Wong, G. Amato. 2011. Applying genetic techniques to study remote shark fisheries in northeastern Madagascar. Mitochondrial DNA 22(S1): 15–20.

50. Fitzpatrick, S., M. Shivji, D. Chapman and P. Prodöhl. 2011. Development and characterization of 10 polymorphic microsatellite loci for the blue shark, Prionace glauca, and their cross shark-species amplification. Conservation Genetics Resources 3: 523–527.

49. Benavides, M.T. , R.L. Horn, K.A. Feldheim, M.S. Shivji, S.C. Clarke, S. Wintner, L. Natanson, M. Braccini, J.J. Boomer, S.J.B. Gulak and D.D. Chapman. 2011. Global phylogeography of the dusky shark, Carcharhinus obscurus: implications for fisheries management and monitoring the shark fin trade. Endangered Species Research 14: 13-22.

48. Baldwin, C.C., C.I. Castillo, L.A. Weigt, and  B.C. Victor. 2011. Seven new species within western Atlantic Starksia atlanticaS. lepicoelia, and S. sluiteri (Teleostei, Labrisomidae), with comments on congruence of DNA barcodes and species. ZooKeys 79: 21-72. 

47. Victor, B.C. 2011. Emblemariopsis carib and Emblemariopsis arawak, two new chaenopsid blennies from the Caribbean Sea: DNA barcoding identifies males, females, and juveniles and distinguishes sympatric cryptic species. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 4: 1-29

46. Feldheim, K.A., D. D. Chapman, C. A. Simpfendorfer, V. P. Richards, M. S. Shivji, T. R. Wiley, G. R. Poulakis, J. K. Carlson, R. Eng and S. Sagarese. 2010. Genetic tools to support the conservation of the endangered smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata. Conservation Genetics Resources. 2:105–113.

45. Feldheim, K.A., D. D. Chapman, D. Sweet, S. Fitzpatrick, P. A. Prodohl, M.S. Shivji and B. Snowden. 2010. Shark virgin birth produces multiple, viable offspring. Journal of Heredity. 101(3): 374–377.

44. Shivji, M.S. 2010. DNA Forensic Applications in Shark Management and Conservation. Pages 593-610. In: Sharks and Their Relatives II: Biodiversity, Adaptive Physiology, and Conservation (Eds: J.C. Carrier, M.R. Heithaus, J.A. Musick). CRC Press.

43. Victor, B.C. 2010. The Redcheek Paradox: the mismatch between genetic and phenotypic divergence among deeply-divided mtDNA lineages in a coral-reef goby, with the description of two new cryptic species from the Caribbean Sea. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 3: 1-16.  

42. Victor, B.C., and J.E. Randall. 2010. Gramma dejongi, a new basslet (Perciformes: Grammatidae) from Cuba, a sympatric sibling species of G. loreto. Zoological Studies 49(6): 865-871

41. Victor, B.C., L. Vasquez-Yeomans, M. Valdez-Moreno, L. Wilk, D.L. Jones, M.R. Lara, C. Caldow and M. Shivji. 2010. The larval, juvenile, and adult stages of the Caribbean goby, Coryphopterus kuna (Teleostei: Gobiidae): a reef fish with a pelagic larval duration longer than the post-settlement lifespan. Zootaxa. 2346: 53-61.

40. DeBiasse, M.B., V.P. Richards and M.S. Shivji. 2009. Genetic assessment of connectivity in the common reef sponge, Callyspongia vaginalis (Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) reveals high population structure along the Florida reef tract. Coral Reefs. 27: 47-55.

39. Chapman, D.D., D. Pinhal and M.S. Shivji. 2009. Tracking the fin trade: Genetic stock identification in Western Atlantic scalloped hammerheads sharks (Sphyrna lewini). Endangered Species Research. 9: 221-228.

38. Beerkircher, L., F. Arocha, A. Barse, E. Prince, V. Restrepo, J. Serafy and M. Shivji. 2009. Species misidentification effects on population assessment of overfished white marlin Tetrapturus albidus and roundscale spearfish Tetrapturus georgiiEndangered Species Research. In Press.

37. Victor, B.C., R. Hanner, M. Shivji, J. Hyde and C. Caldow. 2009. Identification of the larval and juvenile stages of the Cubera Snapper, Lutjanus cyanopterus, using DNA barcoding. Zootaxa 2215: 24\22636.

36. Owen, C.L, C.G. Messing, G.W. Rouse and M.S. Shivji. 2009. Using a combined approach to explain the morphological and ecological diversity in Phanogenia gracilisHartlaub, 1893 (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) sensu lato: two species or intraspecific variation? Marine Biology DOI 10.1007/s00227-009-1173-6.

35. Wong, E.H.-K, M.S. Shivji and R.H. Hanner. 2009. Identifying sharks with DNA barcodes: assessing the utility of a nucleotide diagnostic approach. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 243-256.

34. Richards, V.P., M. Henning, W. Witzell and M. Shivji. 2009. Species Delineation and Evolutionary History of the Globally Distributed Spotted Eagle Ray (Aetobatus narinari). Journal of Heredity 100(3): 273-283.

33. Smith, W.D., J. J. Bizzarro, V.P. Richards, J. Nielsen, J.F.M\341rquez-Far\355as, and M.S. Shivji. 2009. Morphometric convergence and molecular divergence: the taxonomic status and evolutionary history of Gymnura crebripunctata (Peters, 1869) and G. marmorata (Cooper, 1864) in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Journal of Fish Biology. 75:761-783.

32. Sebastian, H., P. Haye and M. Shivji. 2008. Characterization of the pelagic shark fin trade in north central Chile by genetic identification and trader surveys. Journal of Fish Biology 73:2293-2304.

31. Chapman, D., B. Firchau and M. Shivji. 2008. Parthenogenesis in a large-bodied requiem shark (family Carcharhinidae). Journal of Fish Biology 73:1473-1477.

30. Victor, B.C. 2008. Redescription of Coryphopterus tortugae (Jordan) and a new allied species Coryphopterus bol (Perciformes: Gobiidae: Gobiinae) from the tropical western Atlantic Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 1: 1-19

29. Shivji, M.S., and V. Richards. 2007. Bioinformatics Tools in Conservation Biology. In: Using Bioinformatics in the Exploration of Genetic Diversity. (Edited by M. He). Biomedical and Life Sciences Audio-Visual Online Presentation Series, Henry Stewart Talks Publishing.

28. Feldheim, K.A., A.J. Stow, H. Ahonen, D.D. Chapman, M.S. Shivji, V. Peddemors and S. Wintner. 2007. Polymorphic microsatellite markers for studies of the conservation and reproductive genetics of imperilled sand tiger sharks (Carcharias taurus). Molecular Ecology Notes 7 (6), 1366-1368.

27. Chapman, D.D, M. S. Shivji, E. Louis, J. Sommer, H. Fletcher and P.A. Prod?hl. 2007. Virgin birth in a hammerhead shark. Biology Letters 3(4): 425-427.

26. Chapman, D.D., E.K. Pikitch, E.A. Babcock, and M.S. Shivji. 2007. Deep-diving and diel changes in vertical habitat use by Caribbean reef sharks, Carcharhinus pereziMarine Ecology Progress Series. 344: 271-275.

25. Magnussen, J.E., E.K. Pikitch, S.C. Clarke, C. Nicholson, A.R. Hoelzel and M.S. Shivji. 2007. Genetic Tracking of Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) Products in International Trade. Animal Conservation. Animal Conservation 10: 199-207.

24. Richards, V.P., J.D. Thomas, M.J. Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2007. Genetic connectivity in the Florida reef system: comparative phylogeography of commensal invertebrates with contrasting reproductive strategies. Molecular Ecology 6: 139-157.

23. Victor, B.C. 2007. Coryphopterus kuna, a new goby (Perciformes: Gobiidae: Gobiinae) from the western Caribbean, with the identification of the late larval stage and an estimate of the pelagic larval duration. Zootaxa 1526: 51–61

22. Garla, R.C., D.D. Chapman, M.S. Shivji, B.M. Wetherbee and A.F. Amorim. 2006. Habitat of juvenile Caribbean reef sharks, Carcharhinus perezi, at two oceanic insular marine protected areas in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago and Atol das Rocas, Brazil . Fisheries Research. 81: 236-247.

21. Shivji, M.S, J.E. Magnussen, L.R.Beerkircher, G. Hinteregger, D.W. Lee, J.E. Serafy and E.D. Prince. 2006. Validity, identification and distribution of the roundscale spearfish, Tetrapturus georgii (Teleostei: Istiophoridae): morphological and molecular evidence. Bulletin of Marine Science. 79: 483-491.

20. Clarke, S.C., M.K. McAllister, E.J. Milner-Gulland, G. P. Kirkwood, C.G.J. Michielsens, D.J. Agnew, E.K. Pikitch, H. Nakano and M.S. Shivji. 2006. Global estimates of shark catches using trade records from commercial markets. Ecology Letters. 9: 1115-1126.

19. Hoelzel, R.A., M. S. Shivji, J. E. Magnussen and M.P. Francis. 2006. Low worldwide genetic diversity in the basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus). Biology Letters 2(4): 639-642.

18. Garla, R.C., Chapman, D.D., Wetherbee, B.M., Shivji, M. 2006. Movement patterns of young Caribbean reef sharks, Carcharhinus perezi, at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil: the potential of marine protected areas for conservation of a nursery ground. Marine Biology. 149:189-199.

17. Clarke, S.C., J.E. Magnussen, D.L. Abercrombie, M. McAllister and M.S. Shivji. 2006. Identification of shark species composition and proportion in the Hong Kong shark fin market using molecular genetics and trade records. Conservation Biology. 20: 201-211.

16. Shivji, M.S., D.D. Chapman, E.K. Pikitch and P.W. Raymond. 2005. Genetic profiling reveals illegal international trade in fins of the great white shark, Carcharodon carchariasConservation Genetics. 6:1035-1039.

15. Pikitch, E.K. D.D. Chapman, E.A. Babcock and M.S. Shivji. 2005. Diversity, demographic population structure and habitat-partitioning of reef-associated elasmobranchs at a Caribbean oceanic atoll (Glover’s Reef, Belize). Marine Ecology Progress Series. 302: 187-197.

14. Chapman, D., E.K. Pikitch, E. Babcock and M. Shivji. 2005. Marine reserve design and evaluation using automated acoustic telemetry: a case-study involving coral reef-associated sharks in the Mesoamerican Caribbean. Marine Technology Society Journal. 39: 42-53.

13. Abercrombie, D.L., S.C. Clarke and M.S. Shivji. 2005. Global-scale genetic identification of hammerhead sharks: Application to assessment of the international fin trade and law enforcement. Conservation Genetics. 6: 775-788.

12. Wirshing, H.H., C.G. Messing, C.J. Douady, J. Reed, M.J. Stanhope and M.S. Shivji. 2005. Molecular evidence for multiple lineages in the gorgonian family Plexauridae (Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Marine Biology 147(2): 497-508.

11. Pank, M., L. Natanson, N. Kohler, M. Stanhope and M. Shivji. 2005. Rapid Species Identification of Pelagic Shark Tissues Using Genetic Approaches. In: Sharks of the Open Ocean: Biology, Fisheries and Conservation (eds. M. D. Camhi and E. K. Pikitch). Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. In Press.

10. Chapman, D.D., P.A. Prodohl, J. Gelsleichter, C.A. Manire and M.S. Shivji. 2004. Predominance of genetic monogamy by females in a hammerhead shark, Sphyrna tiburo: Implications for shark conservation. Molecular Ecology 13: 1965-1974.

9. Beerkircher, L., E. Cortes and M. Shivji. 2004. Characteristics of shark bycatch observed on pelagic longlines off the southeastern United States, 1992-2000. Marine Fisheries Review 64(4):40-49.

8. Chapman, D.D., M.J. Corcoran, G.M. Harvey, S. Malan and M.S. Shivji. 2003. Mating behavior of southern stingrays, Dasyatis americana (Dasyatidae)Environmental Biology of Fishes. 68 (3): 241-245.

7. Chapman, D., D. Abercrombie, C. Douady, E. Pikitch, M. Stanhope and M. Shivji. 2003. A streamlined, bi-organelle, multiplex PCR approach to species identification: application to global conservation and trade monitoring of the great white shark, Carcharodon carchariasConservation Genetics. 4(4): 415-425.

6. L. Beerkircher, M. Shivji and E. Cortes. 2003. A Monte Carlo demographic analysis of the silky shark, Carcharhinus falciformis: implications of gear selectivity. Fishery Bulletin. 101: 168-174.

5. L. Beerkircher, E. Cortes and M. Shivji. 2003. Characteristics of shark bycatch in the pelagic longline fishery off the southeastern U.S., 1992-1997. In: Sharks of the Open Ocean. E. Pikitch & M. Camhi (Eds.). Blackwell Science Ltd. (In Press).

4. C. J. Douady, M. Dosay, M. S. Shivji, and M. J. Stanhope. 2002. Molecular phylogenetic  evidence refuting the hypothesis of Batoidea (rays and skates) as derived sharks. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26: 215-221.

3. M. Shivji, S. Clarke, M. Pank, L. Natanson, N. Kohler and M. Stanhope. 2002. Genetic Identification of Pelagic Shark Body Parts for Conservation and Trade-Monitoring. Conservation Biology 16(4): 1036-1047.

2. White, C. M., Messing, C. G., Shivji, M. & Forstner, M.R.J. 2001. Initial phylogeny of the Comasteridae (Crinoidea) from mtDNA sequences. In: Echinoderms 2000. (M. Barker, Ed.). Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam.

1. M. Pank, M. Stanhope, L. Natanson, N. Kohler and M. Shivji . 2001. Rapid and simultaneous identification of body parts from the morphologically similar sharks Carcharhinus obscurus and Carcharhinus plumbeus (Carcharhinidae) using multiplex PCR. Marine Biotechnology 3:231-240.

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